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Regular Style CJKV Radical 001 (0).svg
U+4E00, 一
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E00
䷿
[U+4DFF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E01]
U+2F00, ⼀
KANGXI RADICAL ONE
[unassigned: U+2EF4–U+2EFF]

[U+2EF3]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F01]
Commons:Category
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Translingual

Stroke order
一-order.gif

Alternative forms

Han character

Stroke order
1 stroke

(radical 1, +0, 1 stroke, cangjie input 一 (M), four-corner 10000)

  1. Kangxi radical #1, .
  2. Shuowen Jiezi radical №1

Derived characters

Related characters

Descendants

References

  • KangXi: page 75, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1
  • Dae Jaweon: page 129, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 1, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E00

Further reading

Templet:kangxi-ws


Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Tok Saina


Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)
  • (Classical)

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming) Libian (compiled in Qing) Kangxi Dictionary (compiled in Qing)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts Clerical script Ming typeface
一-bronze-shang.svg 一-oracle.svg 一-bronze.svg 一-bronze-spring.svg 一-bronze-warring.svg 一-silk.svg 一-slip.svg 一-ancient.svg 一-seal.svg 一-bigseal.svg 一-clerical.svg 一-mingti-Kangxi.svg

Ideogram (指事): a horizontal stroke, indicating the number “one”.

Etymology 1

simp. and trad.
alternative forms financial

𠤪
𭍶

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ʔit. Descendants from the *ʔit etymon account for the majority of the dialectal forms for “one” in Chinese (Mandarin, Jin, Gan, Hakka, Hui, Xiang, Yue, Wu groups, etc.).

Pronunciation

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Definitions

[[Category:Templet:zh Han characterss|一]]

  1. one
    /   ―  cháng duǎn  ―  one short and one long
    /   ―  shāng  ―  one dead, one injured
      ―  gāo   ―  one high and one low
      ―  tiān   ―  one day and one night
    [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 jat6 jat1 je6 [Jyutping]  ―  one day and one night
      ―  zuǒ yòu  ―  one left, one right
  2. each; every
    蘋果 [MSC, trad.]
    苹果 [MSC, simp.]
    Gěi tā men rén yī kē píngguǒ. [Pinyin]
    Give them an apple each.
  3. single; alone
    獨自 / 独自  ―  dúzì rén  ―  a solitary person, one person
    /   ―  zhuān  ―  single-minded, monogamous
  4. whole; entire; all: throughout
    他們海灘下午 [MSC, trad.]
    他们海滩下午 [MSC, simp.]
    Tāmen zài hǎitān shàng wán le xiàwǔ. [Pinyin]
    They played the whole afternoon on the beach.
    整整24小時 [MSC, trad.]
    整整24小时 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhěngzhěng nián dōu huā le 24 xiǎoshí. [Pinyin]
    All days took 24 hours for a year.
  5. same; identical
    大小  ―  dàxiǎo bù   ―  not having the same size
    大細 / 大细 [Cantonese]  ―  daai6 sai3 bat1 jat1 [Jyutping]  ―  not having the same size
  6. (Classical Chinese) another; alternative
    蟋蟀促織 / 蟋蟀促织  ―  xīshuài, míng cùzhī  ―  Crickets, also called cùzhī [lit. another name [being] cùzhī].
  7. With the verb modified reduplicated, expressing the transience of the verb:
    1. Indicating that the action has occurred only once
        ―  kàn kàn  ―  to have a look
      [Cantonese]  ―  mong6 jat1 mong6 [Jyutping]  ―  to have a look
    2. Indicating the intention to try
        ―  suàn suàn  ―  to try to calculate it
      / [Cantonese]  ―  gai3 jat1 gai3 [Jyutping]  ―  to try to calculate it
  8. once; as soon as; upon
    OP  ―  dào OP jiù kǎ  ―  it slows down once I get to the opening
    照片立即成為眾人矚目焦點 [MSC, trad.]
    照片立即成为众人瞩目焦点 [MSC, simp.]
    pāi le zhàopiàn, tā jiù lìjí chéngwèi zhòngrén zhǔmù de jiāodiǎn. [Pinyin]
    As soon as I took a picture, she ran towards the limelight.
  9. for the first time; at the beginning
    見如故 / 见如故  ―  jiànrúgù  ―  to hit it off
  10. surprisingly; unexpectedly
    至於此 / 至于此  ―  zhìyúcǐ  ―  How did things ever get so far?
  11. (LGBT, slang) a top
    /   ―  hào  ―  a top
    Templet:zh-alt-inline
Usage notes
Synonyms
See also
Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Normal
(小寫小写)
,
十千 (Malaysia, Singapore)
亿 (Taiwan)
萬億万亿 (Mainland China)
Financial
(大寫大写)

Quotations

Templet:seeCites

Compounds

Descendants

Etymology 2

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Form used as the colloquial reading for “one” in most Min varieties: Fuzhou/Fuding suoʔ8, Fuqing θyo8, Gutian syøʔ8, Ningde søʔ8, Zhouning sɔʔ8, Putian ɬoʔ8, Xiamen/Quanzhou/Yongchun/Zhangzhou tsit̚8, Leizhou/Haikou ziak8, Longyan tse4, Youxi ɕie7, Jian'ou/Songxi tsi5, Jianyang tsi8. Whether all of the forms above are related and their origins remain unelucidated; they may be derived from (cf. (single, alone); often written when read with the colloquial reading), (< *tjak ~ g-t(j)ik) or . Some Fujian dialects use and for “one”.

Pronunciation

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Definitions

[[Category:Templet:zh Han characterss|一]]

  1. (Min) one
  2. (Min) each; every
  3. (Min) whole; entire; all

Etymology 3

simp. and trad.

Contraction of 一個一个 (yī gè) (Zhou, 1998).

Pronunciation


Definitions

[[Category:Templet:zh Han characterss|一]]

  1. (Beijing) one
Usage notes
  • This is pronounced as regardless of the succeeding tone (Tao, 2002). It is grammatically different from other tone sandhis of ; it is used directly with a nominal without a classifier.

References

[[Category:Templet:zh cardinal numbers|一]]


Flag of Japan.svg Tok Siapan


Kanji

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

Compounds

See 一/derived terms § Japanese.

Etymology 1

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal :
Kanji in this term
いち
Grade: 1
goon

/itɨ//it͡sɨ//it͡ɕɨ/

From Middle Chinese .

The 呉音 (goon, literally Wu sound) reading, so likely the initial borrowing from Script error: The function "cognate" does not exist..

Compare modern Script error: The function "cognate" does not exist. reading it.

Alternative forms

  • (financial/formal form) ,
  • (ancient form) 𪩩

Pronunciation

Numeral

(いち) (ichi

  1. [[Category:Tok Siapan cardinal numbers|一]] one, 1

Usage notes

Noun

(いち) (ichi

  1. one, 1
  2. term relating to the number one:
    1. the first in order, foremost
    2. the beginning
    3. the best
    4. a kind of; one of something
    5. (card games) an ace
  3. unity
  4. the bottom string of a shamisen or other Japanese musical instrument
Idioms

Templet:top2

Suffix

(いち) (-ichi

  1. the best in …; the most in …
    ()(きゅう)()(らく)()(ちゅう)(いち)
    Chikyū no goraku wa uchū-ichi!
    The entertainments on the earth are the best in the universe!
    [[Category:Tok Siapan terms with usage examples|一]]
    ()(かい)(いち)かわいい
    Sekai-ichi kawaii yo.
    It's the cutest in the world.
    [[Category:Tok Siapan terms with usage examples|一]]

Affix

(いち) (ichi

  1. one, 1
  2. first, foremost
  3. once
  4. best, number one
  5. bunch, bundle
  6. entirely, wholly
  7. certain one
  8. merely, only

Proper noun

(いち) (Ichi

  1. a surname[[Category:Tok Siapan surnames|いち]]

Derived terms

See 一/derived terms § Japanese pronunciation 1.

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
いつ
Grade: 1
kan’on

/itʉ//it͡sʉ//it͡su/

From Middle Chinese .

The 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han sound) reading, so likely a later borrowing from Script error: The function "cognate" does not exist..

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Noun

(いつ) (itsu

  1. one
  2. the same

Affix

(いつ) (itsu

  1. one, 1
  2. first, foremost
  3. group
  4. entirely, wholly
  5. other
  6. merely, only

Proper noun

(いつ) (Itsu

  1. a female given name

Derived terms

See 一/derived terms § Japanese pronunciation 2.

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
ひと
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Templet:IPAfont → */pʲitə//ɸito//hito/

From Old Japanese.

Possibly an apophonic form of (futa, two). Templet:rfv-etym

Pronunciation

Numeral

(ひと) (hito

  1. [[Category:Tok Siapan cardinal numbers|一]] one, 1

Prefix

(ひと) (hito-

  1. one, single
  2. all
  3. a bit
  4. a certain time

Derived terms

See 一/derived terms § Japanese pronunciation 3.

Etymology 4

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
Irregular

Shortening of hito above.

Pronunciation

Numeral

() (hi

  1. one, 1

Etymology 5

Kanji in this term
ひい
Grade: 1
Irregular

Long-pronounced form of hi above.

Pronunciation

Numeral

(ひい) (

  1. one, 1

Etymology 6

Kanji in this term
いい
Grade: 1
Irregular

Borrowing from Mandarin () in the Qing Dynasty.

Pronunciation

Numeral

(イー) (ī

  1. one, 1

Derived terms

See 一/derived terms § Japanese pronunciation 4.

Etymology 7

Kanji in this term
はじめ
Grade: 1
nanori

From 始め (hajime, beginning, first), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 始める (hajimeru, to begin something).

Pronunciation

  • (Irregular reading)

Proper noun

(はじめ) (Hajime

  1. a unisex given name
  2. a surname[[Category:Tok Siapan surnames|はじめ]]

Coordinate terms

  1. REDIRECT Templet:Japanese numbers

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean

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Etymology

From Middle Chinese . Templet:hanja-ety

Pronunciation

Templet:ko-hanja-pron

Hanja

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (han il))

  1. Hanja form? of (one).

Compounds

See 一/derived terms § Korean.

References

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese

Han character

: Hán Việt readings: nhất[1][2][3][4], nhứt[3][5][4]
: Nôm readings: nhất[1][2][3], nhắt[1][6], nhứt[2]

  1. Hán tự form of nhất (one).
  2. Templet:Nom form of
  3. Templet:Nom form of

Compounds

See 一/derived terms § Vietnamese.

References