文字

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Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Tok Saina


 
language; culture; writing
language; culture; writing; formal; literary; gentle
 
letter; symbol; character
letter; symbol; character; word
simp. and trad.
(文字)
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Pronunciation


Noun

文字 [[Category:Templet:zh nouns|]]

  1. written symbols; writing; script; text; characters (Classifier: ; )
  2. writing style wording; language (Classifier: ; )

Synonyms

Derived terms

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (文字):
  • Siapan: (もん)() (monji)
  • Korean: 문자 (文字, munja)
  • Vietnamese: văn tự (文字)

Related terms


Flag of Japan.svg Tok Siapan


Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
もん
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
goon

From Middle Chinese 文字 (literally “writing + character”). Compare modern Cantonese reading man4 zi6.

Pronunciation

Noun

(もん)() (monji

  1. a letter, a character (symbol for a sound or a word)
  2. (linguistics) script, writing system
  3. (specific to Japanese) a written mora, a kana
  4. writing in general, written words
  5. (by extension from the “writing” sense) a document
  6. (by extension from the “writing” sense) reading and writing
  7. (by extension from the “writing” sense) studies
Usage notes

This reading is less common than moji, below.

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
もん > も
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
Irregular goon

/mond͡ʑi//mod͡ʑi/

Sound shift from monji above.[3]

Pronunciation

Noun

()() (moji

  1. a letter or character (symbol for a sound or a word)
  2. (linguistics) script, writing system
  3. (specific to Japanese) a written mora, a kana
  4. writing in general, written words
  5. (by extension from the “writing” sense) a document
  6. (by extension from the “writing” sense) reading and writing
  7. (by extension from the “writing” sense) studies
  8. (chiefly Kansai) the tails side of a coin, the side with writing on it
  9. (chiefly Kansai, by extension) a coin, money
Usage notes

This reading is more common than monji above.

The tails and coin, money senses are specific to this moji reading.[3]

Derived terms

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  4. 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

[[Category:Tok Siapan words with multiple readings|文字]]


Korean

Hanja in this term

Noun

文字 (munja) (hangeul 문자)

  1. Hanja form? of 문자 (letter).

Vietnamese

Hán tự in this term

Noun

Templet:Hani [[Category:Templet:vi nouns|]][[Category:Templet:vi nouns in Han script|文字]]

  1. Hán tự form of văn tự (writing system, script).