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See also: and 🈚
U+7121, 無
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7121

[U+7120]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7122]
Emoji u1f21a.svg
🈚 U+1F21A, 🈚
SQUARED CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7121
🈙
[U+1F219]
Enclosed Ideographic Supplement 🈛
[U+1F21B]

Translingual

Stroke order
(cursive)
無-cursive-order.gif
The character 無 in semi-cursive script.

Han character

(radical 86, +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 人廿火 (OTF), four-corner 80331, composition ⿱⿳𠂉)

Derived characters

Related characters

Further reading

  • KangXi: page 673, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19113
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1081, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2211, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+7121

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Tok Saina


trad.
simp.
alternative forms
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • Mò̤ (Min Dong)

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
無-oracle.svg 無-bronze.svg 無-silk.svg 無-slip.svg 無-seal.svg 無-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形). A man dancing with something long held in both hands.

This character is borrowed for “have no”, and the character is used for the original sense.

Etymology 1

Core Sino–Tibetan. From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ma (no, not); cognate with Tibetan མ་ (ma, not) and Burmese (ma., not).

Cognate with:

  • (“not, no”)
  • (“do not”)
  • (“not, don't”)
  • (“not yet, haven't”)
  • (“not, no”)
  • (“not have; to flee, to disappear, to die”)
  • (“to end, to disappear, to drown”)
  • (“none, nobody, nothing; do not; can not”)

Attested profusely in Classical Chinese, this word is the prototypical negation particle in the *m- series of Chinese negatives. In the oracle bone script, however, is not frequently used, and its homophone (or near-homophone) is used instead.

See (“not”) for more on negative particles in Old Chinese.

Pronunciation

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Definitions

[[Category:Templet:zh Han characterss|無]]

  1. (literary or Hakka or Min) to not have something; there is not ...
    天空 / 天空  ―  Tiānkōng yún.  ―  There is no cloud in the sky.
    零星錢 / 零星钱 [Hokkien]  ―  零星錢. [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  I don't have any change.
  2. (literary or Min) Negation particle preceding verbs and adjectives. not
    /   ―    ―  can't
    /   ―  qiú yú nǐ.  ―  I want nothing from you.
  3. (literary or Min) have not
    / [Hokkien]  ―  kā 伊 kóng. [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  I didn't tell him.
  4. (literary or Hakka or Min) Interrogative particle.
    [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: 白居易問劉十九
    Wǎn lái tiān yù xuě, néng yǐn yī bēi ? [Pinyin]
    Night comes and the sky seems like it might snow; could you drink a cup?
  5. (Hakka, Min) if not; otherwise (placed at the start of a sentence)
  6. (Hokkien, Teochew) Particle used after a verb to indicate that a goal has not or cannot been accomplished.
    / [Hokkien]  ―  看- [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  to not understand (when reading or viewing); to be unable to see
    只個字典 [Teochew, trad.]
    只个字典 [Teochew, simp.]
    zi2 gai7 ri7 do6 ri7 diêng2 cuê7 bho5. [Peng'im]
    You can't find this word in the dictionary.
  7. regardless of; no matter whether
  8. nothing; nil
    到有 / 到有  ―  cóng dào yǒu  ―  start from nothing, from scratch
  9. Alternative form of (“do not”).
  10. without; -less; un-
    /   ―  qíng  ―  heartless
    /   ―    ―  unreasonable
    /   ―  biān  ―  unlimited
Synonyms

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See also

Compounds

Descendants

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Siapan: () (mu); () (bu)
  • Korean: (, mu)
  • Vietnamese: ()

Etymology 2

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Pronunciation


Definitions

[[Category:Templet:zh Han characterss|無]]

  1. Only used in 南無南无.

Compounds

Etymology 3

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Further reading


Flag of Japan.svg Tok Siapan


Kanji

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. nothing
  2. nothingness
  3. none
  4. nil
  5. not

Readings

Compounds


Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
on’yomi

Noun

() (mu

  1. nothing, nothingness
  2. (Buddhism) mu; the null set: neither yes nor no (in response to a koan or other question that mistakenly assumes an affirmative or negative answer).

Descendants

  • Inglis: mu

Prefix

() (mu-

  1. non-, un-

() (bu-

  1. non-, un-

Korean

Alternative forms

Yakja (略字, simplified cursive) form of 無.

Etymology

From Middle Chinese . Templet:hanja-sinjeung

Pronunciation

Templet:ko-hanja-pron

Hanja

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 없을 (eopseul mu))

  1. Hanja form? of (nothing).
  2. Hanja form? of (no; non).
  3. Hanja form? of ((Buddhism) the null set: neither yes nor no (in response to a koan or a question that mistakenly assumes an affirmative or negative answer)).

Compounds

References

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese

Han character

: Hán Việt readings: [1][2][3][4], [2]
: Nôm readings: [1][2][4][5], [2][6][4]

  1. Hán tự form of (without; -less; un-).

Compounds

References