Long Wiktionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+96E3, 難
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96E3

[U+96E2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96E4]
Ufa68.svg
U+FA68, 難
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA68

[U+FA67]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA69]
U+FAC7, 難
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FAC7

[U+FAC6]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FAC8]

Translingual

Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Alternative forms

  • In traditional Chinese, Japanese kyūjitai, Korean hanja and Vietnamese Nôm, the component 𦰩󠄂 for this character is written with 廿 on top. Note that the bottom portion is written overlapped by and not on top of .
  • In Japanese shinjitai, the component 𦰩 is written with on top and has one stroke less. Due to Han unification, both traditional Chinese and Japanese forms are encoded under the same code point. The appearance of this character will differ according to the font used.
  • In simplified Chinese, the component 𦰩󠄂 is simplified to instead, giving the character (U+96BE).
  • Two compatibility ideographs exist for this character. U+FA68 corresponds to the kyūjitai form of this character while U+FAC7 corresponds to the alternative Korean form which is similar to Japanese shinjitai.

Han character

(radical 172, +11 in Chinese and Korean, 隹+10 in Japanese, 19 strokes in Chinese and Korean, 18 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 廿人人土 (TOOG) or 廿戈人土 (TIOG), four-corner 40514, composition ⿰⿱廿(GHTKV or U+FA68) or ⿰𦰩(J or U+FAC7))

Derived characters

Related characters

References

  • KangXi: page 1370, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42128
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1876, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4108, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+96E3

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Tok Saina


trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph origin

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic 𦰩 + semantic (bird) – a type of bird. Phonetically borrowed for other senses.

Etymology

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *na-n/t (ill, pain, difficult, evil spirit).

Cognate with Script error: The function "cognate" does not exist., (na, to be sick, ill), ནན་ཏེ (nan te, sick, ill), ནད (nad, disease, suffering), Script error: The function "cognate" does not exist., နတ် (nat, nat (spirit), evil spirit).

Pronunciation 1

Lua error in Module:dng-pron at line 144: attempt to call field 'tr' (a nil value).

Definitions

[[Category:Templet:zh Han characterss|難]]

  1. difficult; hard; troublesome
    Antonym:
    為人父母 / 为人父母  ―  Wéirén fùmǔ hěn nán.  ―  it is difficult being a parent.
    工作非常 / 工作非常  ―  Zhè xiàng gōngzuò fēicháng nán.  ―  This job is very hard.
  2. bad; unpleasant
    /   ―  nánkàn  ―  ugly
    /   ―  nántīng  ―  unpleasant to the ear
  3. to feel difficult; to find difficult
  4. to make things difficult for; to put someone in a difficult position
  5. difficulty; something which is difficult; issue
  6. 79th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "difficulties" (𝍔)
  7. Alternative form of (“to dread; to fear”).
  8. Alternative form of (“sacrificial rites for getting rid of bogeys”).
Synonyms

Lua error: bad argument #1 to 'match' (string expected, got nil). Lua error: expandTemplate: template "Template:zh-dial/uncreated" does not exist.

Antonyms
Compounds

Pronunciation 2


Definitions

[[Category:Templet:zh Han characterss|難]]

  1. disaster; calamity; catastrophe
    /   ―  zāinàn  ―  disaster, catastrophe
    /   ―  wēinàn  ―  calamity
    /   ―  jiénàn  ―  calamity
  2. revolt; attack
  3. enmity; foe
  4. to blame; to scold; to reproach
    /   ―  zhìnàn  ―  to blame
    /   ―  fēinàn  ―  to blame
  5. to keep out; to ward off; to refuse
  6. to argue; to debate
Compounds

Descendants

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Script error: The function "descendant" does not exist. (なん) (nan)
  • Script error: The function "descendant" does not exist. (, nan)
  • Script error: The function "descendant" does not exist.

References


Flag of Japan.svg Tok Siapan


Templet:ja-kanji forms

Kanji

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. difficult

Readings

Compounds

Etymology

Kanji in this term
なん
Grade: 6
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese .

Pronunciation

Noun

(なん) (nan

  1. difficulty

References

  1. 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean

Hanja

(eumhun 어려울 (eoryeoul nan))

  1. Hanja form? of (difficulty).

Compounds


Vietnamese

Han character

: Hán Nôm readings: nan, nạn, nản, nần, nàn

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.