en

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English language.svg Tok Inglis

Etymology 1

Abbreviation.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɛn/, /i.ɛn/
  • (file)
  • (file)

Noun

en

  1. Abbreviation of English.

Etymology 2

The name of the letter comes from Latin en. The typographic sense dates to 1793.

Pronunciation

Noun

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  1. Templet:Latn-def
    The ems and ens at the beginnings and ends.
  2. (typography) A unit of measurement equal to half an em (half the height of the type in use).
Derived terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
See also

Etymology 3

From Frens.

Pronunciation

  • (imitating the French pronunciation) IPA(key): [ɑ̃], [õ]
  • (anglicised) IPA(key): /ɒn/, /ɑn/
  • (file)

Preposition

en

  1. Used in various phrases borrowed from French or formed as if borrowed from French (see "Derived terms" below).
Derived terms

Etymology 4

From Old English hine

Pronunciation

Pronoun

Templet:en-pron

  1. (dialectal, Newfoundland) him
    • 1895, Thomas Hardy, A Pair of Blue Eyes[2], page 236:
      Such a strappen fine gentleman as he was, too. Yes, I rather like en sometimes.
  2. (dialectal, Newfoundland) it (when the thing being referred to is masculine)

Anagrams


Afar

Pronunciation

Verb

en [[Category:Templet:aa verbs|en]]

  1. (intransitive) to be, exist

References

  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[3], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis)

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch en.

Pronunciation

Conjunction

en [[Category:Lua error in Module:compound/templates at line 102: The parameter "l" is not used by this template.. conjunctions|en]]

  1. and
    Ek sit en drink koeldrankI sit and drink a cold drink.
  2. well
    En?well?

Alemannic German

Etymology

From Middle High German ein, from Old High German ein, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos. Cognate with Jeman ein, German Low German en, ein, Dutch een, Inglis one, Icelandic einn, Swedish en.

Pronunciation

Article

en Lua error in Module:links/templates at line 49: The parameter "1" is required.. [[Category:Templet:gsw articles|en]]

  1. (indefinite) a, an

Declension

Templet:gsw-decl-pronoun

  • Short forms of the dative – eme, ere, eme – are also common.

Asturian

Etymology

From Latin in, from Proto-Italic *en, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (in).

Preposition

en [[Category:Templet:ast prepositions|en]]

  1. in

Usage notes

  • The preposition en contracts to n' before a word beginning with a vowel or h-: n'Asturies (in Asturias), n'honor (in honor)

Derived terms


Aukan

Etymology

From Inglis and.

Noun

en [[Category:Templet:djk nouns|en]]

  1. and

Azerbaijani

Etymology

From Proto-Turkic *ēn.[1]

Pronunciation

Noun

Templet:az-head-noun

  1. width
    Synonym: genişlik

Declension

Templet:az-decl-noun

Derived terms

References


Breton

Contraction

en [[Category:Templet:br contractions|en]]

  1. e (preposition "in") + un (indefinite article "a(n)")
  2. e (preposition "in") + an (definite article "the")

Catalan

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From the final syllable of Latin domine (Mister).

Article

en m-s (elided Templet:slink, feminine Templet:slink)[[Category:Templet:ca articles|en]]

  1. (Eastern Catalan) Templet:ngd
    En Pau i na Maria arribaran demà.
    Pau and Maria will be arriving tomorrow.
Usage notes
  • While this article (and its feminine counterpart na) is standard in Balearic Catalan, in other Eastern Catalan dialects its use is waning, and the elided of the definite article, l', is used before names beginning with vowels. There is no plural personal article, so the plural definite article els is used in all dialects.
Derived terms
  • can (contraction of ca and ne)

Etymology 2

From Latin in (in, inside), from Proto-Italic *en, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (in).

Preposition

en [[Category:Templet:ca prepositions|en]]

  1. in

Etymology 3

From Latin inde (thence). Compare Frens en, Italian ne.

Pronoun

Templet:ca-ppron

  1. Represents an indeterminate number or quantity of a given noun.
  2. Represents a place (associated with the action described by the verb) that would be introduced by the preposition de.
  3. Replaces a phrase introduced by the preposition de.
  4. Replaces the object of a causative verb.
Usage notes
  • en cannot be used more than once as the object of a given verb.
  • While en is usually used to replace phrases beginning with the preposition de, adverbial phrases (e.g., de pressa) are replaced with hi.
  • en is sometimes used instead of ho to replace an adjective or indefinite noun as the predicate of a verb.
  • en is sometimes used popularly to add emphasis to a sentence: in this sense, it has no translation in English.
  • Templet:U:ca:pronouns
Declension

Templet:ca-decl-ppron

See also

Further reading


Central Franconian

Etymology 1

From Old High German in.

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Preposition

en [[Category:Templet:gmw-cfr prepositions|en]]

  1. (most dialects) in; into

Adverb

en [[Category:Templet:gmw-cfr adverbs|en]]

  1. (most dialects) in

Etymology 2

From Old High German indi.

Alternative forms

  • on, un (predominant)

Pronunciation

Conjunction

en [[Category:Templet:gmw-cfr conjunctions|en]]

  1. (some western dialects) and

Etymology 3

From Old High German ein.

Alternative forms

  • e (neuter and in some dialects masculine, before non-dental consonants)

Pronunciation

Article

en (indefinite)[[Category:Templet:gmw-cfr articles|en]]

  1. (most dialects) feminine nominative and accusative
  2. (most dialects) neuter nominative and accusative, used before vowels and alternatively before h and dental consonants
  3. (some dialects) masculine nominative, used before vowels and alternatively before h and dental consonants
  4. (some dialects) masculine accusative, used before vowels and alternatively before h and dental consonants

Etymology 4

Pronunciation

Pronoun

en (personal, reduced)[[Category:Templet:gmw-cfr pronouns|en]]

  1. (most dialects) him; masculine accusative
  2. (some dialects) he; masculine nominative
  3. (most dialects) them; plural dative

Chamorro

Pronunciation

Pronoun

en [[Category:Templet:ch pronouns|en]][[Category:Templet:ch personal pronouns|en]]

  1. ye, you (plural)

Usage notes

See also

Templet:ch-personal pronouns

References


Chuukese

Pronoun

en [[Category:Templet:chk pronouns|en]]

  1. Second-person singular pronoun; you

See also

Templet:chk-personal pronouns

Determiner

en (plural Templet:slink)[[Category:Templet:chk determiners|en]]

  1. this (not in possession of the speaker)

Cimbrian

Pronoun

en [[Category:Templet:cim pronoun forms|en]]

  1. Alternative form of in (him)

Further reading


Crimean Tatar

Noun

en [[Category:Templet:crh nouns|en]]

  1. width

Czech

Pronunciation

Noun

Templet:cs-noun

  1. Templet:Latn-def

Further reading


Dalmatian

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Latin in.

Preposition

en [[Category:Templet:dlm prepositions|en]]

  1. in

Related terms


Danish

Danish cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : en
    Ordinal : første

Etymology

From Old Norse einn, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz (one, some), from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (one).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /en/, [en], (stressed) [ˈeːˀn]

Article

en (neuter Templet:slink)[[Category:Templet:da articles|en]]

  1. a, an

Numeral

en (neuter Templet:slink)[[Category:Templet:da numerals|en]]

  1. [[Category:Templet:da cardinal numbers|en]] one

Pronoun

en or én (neuter Templet:slink or Templet:slink, definite Templet:slink)[[Category:Templet:da pronouns|en]]

  1. one

Usage notes

  • Used as the oblique form of the generic pronoun man:[1]
    Hvis ens lærer behandler en uretfærdigt, kan man klage til skolens leder
    If one's teacher treats one unfairly, one can complain to the head of the school
  1. Erik Hansen & Lars Hedtoft, Grammatik over det Danske Sprog (Odense 2011), vol. 2, 557.

Dutch

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch ende, from Old Dutch ande, inde, from Proto-Germanic *andi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂entí.

Conjunction

en [[Category:Templet:nl conjunctions|en]]

  1. and
    De oude man en de zee.The Old Man and the Sea.
  2. well, so
    En, hoe gaat het ermee?Well, how're you doing?
    En?Well?
    En, wat zou dat?So what?
  3. (mathematics) plus, and
    Drie en vier is zeven.Three plus four is seven.
Alternative forms
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Afrikaans: en
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: an
  • Jersey Dutch: en
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  • Petjo: en
See also

Etymology 2

From Middle Dutch ne, en, from Old Dutch ne, from Proto-Germanic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

Adverb

Templet:nl-adv

  1. (now Belgium, informal, obsolete elsewhere) not (often with another negator, see usage notes)
    • 1544, "Van proper Janneken" (song 123), in Dieuwke E. van der Poel, Dirk Geirnaert, Hermina Joldersma, J.B. Oosterman & Louis Peter Grijp (eds.) Het Antwerps liedboek, vol. 1, Lannoo (publ. 2004), page 283.

      nl

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    • 1632, Jacob Cats, Spiegel van den ouden ende nieuwen tijt, bestaende uyt spreeckwoorden ende sinspreucken, "Een rotten appel in de mande, maeckt oock het gave fruyt te schande.", in J. van Vloten (ed.), Alle de werken, vol. 1, 1862, page 649.

      nl

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    • "Herr Halewyn", A.H. Hoffmann von Fallersleben, Horae Belgicae, page 41.

      nl

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    • circa 1860, Guido Gezelle, "Gij zegt dat 't vlaamsch te niet zal gaan".

      nl

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  1. ...dat aldaer binnen Utrecht niet meer geacht ende respecteert en wordt, ...that in Utrecht is no longer valued and respected...
  2. (obsolete) only, merely, no other than, none other than (together with maar)
Usage notes
  • In historical usage, en is always used directly before the finite verb. When used to negate it is commonly accompanied by another negator: gij en zult niet stelen (“thou shalt not steal”), en wat er niet en deugt (“and what is not of decent quality”), ik en zoude certein geen ander boelken kiezen (“I would certainly not choose another girlfriend”). Also when used as a stand-alone negator or when combined with maar, it still stands directly before the finite verb. Use of the particle does not trigger a change in the word order.
  • In Belgian Dutch it is still sometimes used in certain regional lects and in the tussentaal (informal registers influenced by both Standard Belgian Dutch and the regional lects). Details and frequency of use depend on what regional language variety influences a given speaker's idiom, as well as on the speaker's preferences.
    • In West Flemish usage broadly conforms to historical use: the negation particle may be used along with other negators, independentely or it may be omitted. It is also used as a stand-alone negator to contradict a previous statement that was phrased with positive polarity: Gij zegt dat 't Vlaams te niet zal gaan: / 't en zal! (“You say that Flemish will go extinct: / no, it won't!”)
    • In Belgian Brabantian it is frequently omitted, but it may also be used directly before another negator rather than before the finite verb: en niet.
  • In contemporary Netherlands Dutch the use of the particle is limited to old proverbs, such as wat baten kaars en bril als de uil niet zien en wil.

Anagrams


Esperanto

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

  • (file)
    [[Category:Tok Esperanto: [[]] terms with audio links|en]]

Templet:eo-IPA

Preposition

Templet:eo-prep

  1. in, within, inside
    Ĝi estas en la domo.It is in (within, inside) the house.
  2. into (when followed by a noun or phrase in the accusative case)
    Li iras en la domon.He goes into the house.

Derived terms

Templet:eo BRO


Fala

Etymology

From Old Portuguese en, from Latin in (in), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én.

Preposition

en [[Category:Templet:fax prepositions|en]]

  1. in
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Chapter 2: Númerus:
      Cumu to é custión de proporciós, sin que sirva de argumentu por nun fel falta, poemus vel que en a misma Europa hai Estaus Soberarius con menus territoriu que os tres lugaris nossus, cumu: []
      As everything is a matter of proportions, without its presence being an argument, we can see that even in Europe there are Sovereign States with less territory than our three places, such as: []

Finnish

Etymology

See ei. Has the regular verb ending -n.

Pronunciation

Templet:fi-pronunciation

Verb

en [[Category:Templet:fi verb forms|en]]

  1. The first-person singular form of the negative verb (negation verb). The English translations include do not/don’t and not (with auxiliary verbs and be).

Usage notes

  • The negative verb is used with the connegative form of the main verb. That form is identical to the second-person singular imperative in the indicative present. The potential mood connegative ends in the marker for the mood, -ne-, and the conditional mood connegative ends in the marker for the mood, -isi-. In the indicative past, conditional past and potential past, the active past participle singular (ending -ut/-yt) is used. The connegative form of the main verb is always used without the personal suffix.
  • Usage of en:
  • Indicative:
  • Minä näen. (I see.) → Minä en näe. (I do not see.)
  • Minä näin. (I saw.) → Minä en nähnyt. (I did not see.)
  • Minä olen nähnyt. (I have seen.) → Minä en ole nähnyt. (I have not seen.)
  • Minä olin nähnyt. (I had seen.) → Minä en ollut nähnyt. (I had not seen.)
  • Conditional:
  • Minä näkisin. (I would see.) → Minä en näkisi. (I would not see.)
  • Minä olisin nähnyt. (I would have seen.) → Minä en olisi nähnyt. (I would not have seen.)
  • Potential:
  • Minä nähnen. (I probably see.) → Minä en nähne. (I probably do not see.)
  • Minä lienen nähnyt. (I have probably seen.) → Minä en liene nähnyt. (I have probably not seen.)

Conjugation

Templet:fi-conj-ei

Anagrams


French

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle French en, from Old French en, from Latin in, from Proto-Italic *en, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (in).

Preposition

Templet:fr-prep

  1. in (used to indicate space, also see usage notes)
    J'habite en Angleterre.I live in England.
  2. to (indicates direction towards certain very large locations, see usage notes)
    Il est allé en France.He went to France.
  3. by (used to indicate means)
    aller en busgo by bus
    partir en voitureleave by car
  4. as
    Il me traite en ami.He treats me as a friend.
    habillé en père Noëldressed as Father Christmas
  5. at (used to describe an ability)
    fort en histoiregood at history
  6. of, made of (used to describe composition)
    une chaise en hêtrea chair made of beech/a beech chair
    une fourchette en métala fork made of metal/a metal fork
  7. in (during the following time (used for months and years))
    en 1993in 1993
    en janvierin January
    en septembre 2001in September 2001
  8. (followed by a gerund) while
  9. (followed by a gerund) by, in (describing a way of getting something)
    C'est en trichant qu'il est devenu champion.It was by cheating that he became champion.
  10. in (used to describe color)
    une photo en noir et blanca photo in black and white
  11. in (used to describe feelings)
    en détressein distress
  12. in (as part of something)
    en équipeon a team
Usage notes
  • En in the sense of while is often not translated into English.
  • When referring to location in countries, provinces, or similar subdivisions in sense 1 and direction in sense 2, en must be used when the name for that very large location is either a feminine singular noun or a vowel-initial masculine singular noun. If the name for the very large location is a consonant-initial masculine singular noun, au is used, while if the name of the very large location is plural, aux is used.

Further reading

Etymology 2

From Latin inde (thence). Compare Catalan en, Italian ne

Pronoun

Templet:fr-pron

  1. Templet:ngd
    Essaies-en !
    Try some (of it / them)!
    Tu as combien de livres ? J'en ai trois.
    How many books do you have? I have three (of them).
    Y a-t-il beaucoup de pièces ? Oui. Il y en a beaucoup.
    Are there many rooms? Yes, there are many (of them).
    Martin a trois sandwichs, mais j'en ai seulement deux.
    Martin has three sandwiches, but I have only two (of them).
    Il y en a combien ?
    How many of them are there?
    Je bois de l'alcool parce que j'en ai besoin
    I drink alcohol because I need (of) it.
    • 1654, Blaise Pascal, Traité du triangle arithmétique :
      J'en donnerai ici la méthode, que je poursuivrai seulement en deux ou trois exemples, qui seront si aisés à continuer qu'il ne sera pas nécessaire d'en donner davantage.
      I shall give (of it) here the method that I shall pursue only in two or three examples, which will be so easy to continue that it will not be necessary to give more of them.
  2. Templet:ngd
    Est-ce qu'elle vient de Barcelone ? Oui, elle en vient.
    Does she come from Barcelona? Yes, she comes (from there).
Related terms

Templet:French personal pronouns

Anagrams


Fula

Pronoun

en [[Category:Templet:ff pronouns|en]]

  1. Templet:ngd we

See also

Usage notes

References


Galician

Etymology

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese en, from Latin in, from Proto-Italic *en, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (in).

Pronunciation

Preposition

en [[Category:Lua error in Module:qualifier at line 59: The parameter "l" is not used by this template.. prepositions|en]]

  1. in
  2. When preceding a verb or a complement of a verb it can denote a unfinished or continued action:
    • 1822, anonymous, A Parola Polêteca:
      En escoitalo, señor tio Calacú, xà o peléxo do meu corpo tembra. Sei que á tanta agua que acarrexóu amolentoulle os miolos, é por eso louquéa
      While listening to you, my sir uncle Pumpkin, my body's skin trembles. Perhaps the much water you have carried softened you brain, and therefore you are going insane
    • 1853, Xosé Manuel Pintos, A Gaita Gallega:
      xa morder ti ben non podes
      con tal podrico nos dentes,
      inda no pan teño mentes
      seique non podes chanchar
      you can no longer aptly eat
      with such rottenness in you teeth,
      even bread, I think,
      probably you cannot gnaw [chanchar means "bite", but en preceding pan, "bread", implies a repeated action]
    O Manuel vai na casaManuel went home (implying that eventually he'll be back)
    María beberrica no licorMaría is sipping the liquor

Usage notes

  • The preposition en contracts to n- before articles, before third-person tonic pronouns, and before the determiners algún and outro.

Derived terms

Adverb

en [[Category:Lua error in Module:qualifier at line 59: The parameter "l" is not used by this template.. prepositions|en]]

  1. while; as soon as (followed by the gerund of a verb, expresses immediacy or simultaneity)
    En chegando mudas a roupa molladaAs soon as you arrive change your wet clothes
    • 1295, R. Lorenzo (ed.), La traducción gallega de la Crónica General y de la Crónica de Castilla. Ourense: I. E. O. P. F., page 111:
      Et o conde, en chegando et ferindo logo ẽnos mouros, todo en hũu o fezo
      And the count, [just] arriving, and hurting promptly the Moors, all in one he did that
    • 1460, Rui Vasques, Corónica de Iria:
      en leendo perlos llibros algũus de canõicas antijgas, et preujlegios goticos dos santos catholicos et deuotos bispos de Yria et porla Escriptura, achey o fundamento para rreduzir aa memoria dos homes quanto durarõ çertas ydades
      [while] reading books, some of them of ancient canons, and Gothic privileges of the saint Catholic and devout bishops of Iria, and through the Bible, I found the foundation for reducing to the mind of men for how long some ages lasted
    • 1461, X. Ferro Couselo (ed.), A vida e a fala dos devanceiros. Escolma de documentos en galego dos séculos XIII ao XVI. 2 vols. Vigo: Galaxia, page 141:
      dito testigo en seendo moço pequeno con seu tyo Afonso Dominges, guardando o gaando en Curro do Moyño, que le dixera o dito Afonso Domingees "bees, por aquy se parte ho término do conde do de Juan d'Estúñiga
      said witness [while] being a young boy together with his uncle Afonso Domínguez, watching the cattle in Curro do Muíño, he was told by said Afonso Domínguez: "you see, here the term of the count limits with that of Xoán de Estúñiga

References


German Low German

Alternative forms

  • 'n, -'n
  • (in other dialects, including Low Prussian) een
  • (in some dialects) ein
  • (East Pomeranian) ain

Etymology

Templet:dercat From Middle Low German ên, from Old Saxon ēn. Compare Dutch een, Jeman ein, West Frisian ien, Inglis one.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛɪ̯n/, /ˈeːn/, /ˈæɪ̯n/, /ˈeːɪ̯n/

Article

en Lua error in Module:languages at line 550: Please specify a language or etymology language code in the first parameter. The value "n" is not valid. See Wiktionary:List of languages.. (indefinite article)[[Category:Templet:nds-de articles|en]]

  1. (in some dialects) a, an

Numeral

en [[Category:Templet:nds-de numerals|en]]

  1. (in some dialects, including Low Prussian) one (1)

See also

  • Dutch Low Saxon: een
  • Plautdietsch een, (cardinal number) eent

Haitian Creole

Etymology

From Frens un (one), from Latin ūnus (one).

Numeral

en [[Category:Templet:ht numerals|en]]

  1. one

Synonyms

See also


Hunsrik

Pronunciation

Determiner

en (indefinite)[[Category:Templet:hrx determiners|en]]

  1. a, an
    Sie sitze aan em runde Disch.
    They are sitting at a round table.

Pronoun

en [[Category:Templet:hrx pronouns|en]]

  1. unstressed accusative of er: him.

Inflection

Templet:hrx-decl-personal pronouns

Declension

Templet:hrx-decl-indefinite articles

Further reading


Icelandic

Adverb

en [[Category:Templet:is adverbs|en]]

  1. how
    Nei, Elín? En gaman að sjá þig!Elín? How good to see you!

Conjunction

en [[Category:Templet:is conjunctions|en]]

  1. but
    Ég drekk kaffi en ég drekk ekki te.I drink coffee but I don't drink tea.
    Ég ætla að brauð en ekki mjólk.I'll have bread but not milk.
  2. than (with an adjective in the comparative)
    Ég er betri en bróðir minn.I'm better than my brother.
    Hún er skemmtilegri en ég.She is more fun than I am.
  3. (formal written language) Templet:ngd
    Rannsókn embættis sérstaks saksóknara á meintum innherjasvikum Baldurs Guðlaugssonar stóð yfir í rúmlega ár, en FME kærði málið með bréfi til embættisins hinn 9. júlí á síðasta ári.[1]
  4. Templet:ngd
    Sonur hans hét Jón, en dóttir hans Ása.His son was named John and his daughter was named Ása.
    Veðrið var ekki gott framan af: rigning á fjallinu, en þoka í byggð.The weather was not good to begin with: rain in the mountains, and fog in the countryside.

Derived terms

References

  1. chapter Baldur ákærður fyrir innherjasvik og brot í opinberu starfi, in Vísir[1], accessed 25 April 2019, archived from the original on 19 September 2016

Ido

Etymology

From Frens en, Spanish en, from Latin in, inde from Proto-Indo-European *én (in).

Pronunciation

Preposition

en [[Category:Templet:io prepositions|en]]

  1. in

Ingrian

Pronunciation

Verb

en [[Category:Templet:izh verb forms|en]]

  1. first-person singular indicative of ei

Japanese

Romanization

Templet:ja-romaji

  1. Templet:ja-romanization of

Jersey Dutch

Etymology 1

Templet:dercat From Dutch een (a). Cognates include Afrikaans 'n.

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Article

en (contracted form Templet:slink)[[Category:Templet:gmw-jdt articles|en]]

  1. (indefinite article) Placed before a singular noun, indicating a general case of a person or thing: a, an.

Etymology 2

Templet:dercat From Dutch en. Cognates include Afrikaans en.

Pronunciation

Conjunction

en [[Category:Templet:gmw-jdt conjunctions|en]]

  1. and
    • 1912, Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsche taal— en letterkunde, volumes 31-32, page 309:
      Hai waz nît tevrêde täus en []
      He was not content at home and []

Kabuverdianu

Etymology

From Portuguese em.

Preposition

en [[Category:Templet:kea prepositions|en]]

  1. in

Kott

Etymology

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔäń (˜x-) ("wave").

Noun

en (plural Templet:slink)[[Category:Templet:zko nouns|en]]

  1. wave

Noun

en [[Category:Templet:zko noun plural forms|en]]

  1. plural of ei

Kriol

Etymology

From Inglis and.

Conjunction

en [[Category:Templet:rop conjunctions|en]]

  1. and

Ladino

Preposition

Templet:lad-prep

  1. in
    • 2000, David Altabé, “Ay koza triste en ser Sefaradi”, in Esther Benbassa, editor, Les Sépharades en littérature, page 164:
      En todas partes del mundo bivi,
      i pedasos de mi alma abandoni
      I've lived in all parts of the world,
      and abandoned pieces of my soul
    • 2014, Şeli GAON, “La solidaridad”, in Şalom Gazetesi[4]:
      Deke la solidaridad es emportante? Porke la solidaridad es lo djusto. Porke; todos bivimos en una sosyetad...
      Why is solidarity important? Because solidarity is what is right. Because we all live in a society...

Latin

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

Interjection

Templet:la-interj

  1. lookǃ beholdǃ (presenting something in a lively or indignant manner)
  2. reallyǃ? (surprise or anger in questions)
  3. come onǃ (exhortation to action in imperatives)

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

Noun

Templet:la-noun

  1. The name of the letter N.
Usage notes
  • Multiple Latin names for the letter N, n have been suggested. The most common is en or a syllabic n, although there is some evidence which also supports, as names for the letter, , ən, , and even (in the fourth- or fifth-century first Antinoë papyrus, which gives Greek transliterations of the Latin names of the Roman alphabet’s letters) ιννε (inne).
Coordinate terms

References

Etymology 3

Preposition

en [[Category:Tok Latin prepositions|en]]

  1. Early Latin form of in (in)

Latvian

Pronunciation

(file)

[[Category:Templet:lv terms with audio links|en]]

Noun

Templet:lv-noun

  1. The Latvian name of the Latin script letter N/n.

See also


Leonese

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Preposition

en [[Category:Templet:roa-leo prepositions|en]]

  1. in

Usage notes

When followed by an article, en is combined with the next word to give the following combined forms:

Templet:rel-top

en + article Combined form
en + el nel
en + la na
en + lu nu
en + los nos
en + las nas
en + article Combined form
en + un nun
en + una nuna
en + unos nunos
en + unas nunas
en + pronoun Combined form
en + el nél
en + eilla neilla
en + eillu neillu
en + eillos neillos
en + eillas neillas
en + dem. adjective Combined form en + dem. pronoun Combined form
en + esti nesti en + ésti nésti
en + esta nesta en + ésta nésta
en + estu nestu en + éstu néstu
en + estos nestos en + éstos néstos
en + estas nestas en + éstas néstas
en + dem. adjective Combined form en + dem. pronoun Combined form
en + esi nesi en + ési nési
en + esa nesa en + ésa nésa
en + esu nesu en + ésu nésu
en + esos nesos en + ésos nésos
en + esas nesas en + ésas nésas
en + dem. adjective Combined form en + dem. pronoun Combined form
en + aquel naquel en + aquél naquél
en + aqueilla naqueilla en + aquéilla naquéilla
en + aqueillu naqueillu en + aquéillu naquéillu
en + aqueillos naqueillos en + aquéillos naquéillos
en + aqueillas naqueillas en + aquéillas naquéillas

Templet:rel-bottom

References


Livvi

Pronunciation

Verb

en [[Category:Templet:olo verb forms|en]]

  1. first-person singular indicative of ei

References


Lule Sami

Verb

en [[Category:Templet:smj verb forms|en]]

  1. first-person dual present of ij

Luxembourgish

Etymology

From Old High German ein, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /en/, [ən]
  • Rhymes: -ən
  • (file)
    [[Category:Lua error in Module:labels/templates at line 33: The parameter "l" is not used by this template.. terms with audio links|en]]

Article

en Lua error in Module:languages at line 550: Please specify a language or etymology language code in the first parameter. The value "n" is not valid. See Wiktionary:List of languages.. [[Category:Lua error in Module:labels/templates at line 33: The parameter "l" is not used by this template.. articles|en]]

  1. Indefinite article; a, an
    Ech droen en Hutt wann et reent.I wear a hat when it rains.
    Hues du e bloe Stëft?Do you have a blue pen?

Declension

Templet:lb-decl-indefinite article

Pronoun

en [[Category:Lua error in Module:labels/templates at line 33: The parameter "l" is not used by this template.. pronouns|en]][[Category:Lua error in Module:labels/templates at line 33: The parameter "l" is not used by this template.. personal pronouns|en]]

  1. Templet:form of
    Hues de n e gefrot?Have you asked him?
  2. Templet:form of
    Ech hunn et e gesot.I told it them

Declension

Templet:lb-decl-personal pronouns

Usage notes

  • Due to the Eifel Rule, the final -n is lost when the following word begins with a consonant other than <d>, <h>, <n>, <t> or <z>.

Mandarin

Romanization

en [[Category:Templet:cmn pinyins|en]]

  1. Templet:nonstandard spelling of
  2. Templet:nonstandard spelling of
  3. Templet:nonstandard spelling of
  4. Templet:nonstandard spelling of

Usage notes


Middle Dutch

Pronunciation

Conjunction

en [[Category:Templet:dum conjunctions|en]]

  1. Alternative form of ende

Middle English

Preposition

en [[Category:Templet:enm prepositions|en]]

  1. Alternative form of in (in)

Middle French

Etymology

From Old French [Term?], from Latin in.

Preposition

en [[Category:Templet:frm prepositions|en]]

  1. on; on to

Descendants


Middle Low German

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *ne (not).

Pronunciation

Unknown, possibly IPA(key): /ɛn/ or IPA(key): /ən/.

Particle

en Lua error in Module:links/templates at line 49: The parameter "1" is required.. [[Category:Templet:gml particles|en]]

  1. not; negates a verb, usage is facultative if it leads to a double negative
    Idt en sal nümant syn Erve vryg verkopenn dar ander lüde wat anne hebbet. he en segget den kop to varenn.
    Nobody shall [not] sell his inheritance, to which other people have rights attached, freely, unless he tell this to the buyer beforehand...
  2. unless
    Idt en sal nümant syn Erve vryg verkopenn dar ander lüde wat anne hebbet. he en segget den kop to varenn.
    Nobody shall sell his inheritance, to which other people have rights attached, freely, unless he tell this to the buyer beforehand...

Alternative forms

  • ne (older, Eastphalian)

Movima

Verb

en [[Category:Templet:mzp verbs|en]]

  1. to stand

Further reading


Norwegian Bokmål

Norwegian Bokmål cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : en
    Ordinal : første

Etymology

From Old Norse einn, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz (one, some), from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (one).

Pronunciation

Article

en Lua error in Module:links/templates at line 49: The parameter "1" is required.. (feminine Templet:slink or Templet:slink, neuter Templet:slink)[[Category:Templet:nb articles|en]]

  1. a, an (indefinite article)

Numeral

en Lua error in Module:links/templates at line 49: The parameter "1" is required.. (feminine Templet:slink, neuter Templet:slink, stressed form Templet:slink)[[Category:Templet:nb numerals|en]]

  1. one

Derived terms

Templet:col3-u

See also

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

Conjunction

en [[Category:Templet:nn conjunctions|en]]

  1. Templet:nn-former

Etymology 2

Article

en [[Category:Templet:nn articles|en]]

  1. (dialectal, nonstandard) Alternative form of ein

Etymology 3

en [[Category:Templet:nn prepositions|en]]

  1. Used as part of set phrases from French

Etymology 4

en [[Category:Templet:nn conjunctions|en]]

  1. Used as part of the expression stopp en hal

Old French

Alternative forms

  • in (10th century)

Etymology

From Latin in.

Pronunciation

Preposition

en [[Category:Templet:fro prepositions|en]]

  1. in; inside
    • 1377, Bernard de Gordon, Fleur de lis de medecine (a.k.a. lilium medicine):
      Et pour ce qu’il se complaint moult de froit et horipilacion, pour ce au commencement on luy doit mettre les piés et les mains en eaue chaulde
      And if he complains about cold and shivers, to start with one must put his feet and is hands in hot water
  2. on; upon
    • 12th Century, Unknown, Raoul de Cambrai:
      qi en la crois fu mis
      [He] who was put on the cross
  3. in (experiencing an emotion, a feeling, etc.)
    en painein pain
  4. in (indicates a language)
    en latinin Latin

Descendants

  • Middle French: en
  • Norman: en

Old Frisian

Old Frisian cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : ēn
    Ordinal : ērest

Alternative forms

Etymology

Templet:dercat From Proto-West Germanic *ain. Cognates include Old English ān and Old Saxon ēn.

Pronunciation

Numeral

ēn Lua error in Module:languages at line 550: Please specify a language or etymology language code in the first parameter. The value "n" is not valid. See Wiktionary:List of languages.. [[Category:Templet:ofs numerals|en]][[Category:Templet:ofs cardinal numbers|en]]

  1. one
    ēn skillingone shilling

Article

ēn Lua error in Module:languages at line 550: Please specify a language or etymology language code in the first parameter. The value "n" is not valid. See Wiktionary:List of languages.. [[Category:Templet:ofs articles|en]]

  1. a, an

Declension

Templet:ofs-decl-en

Descendants

  • North Frisian:
    Föhr-Amrum:
    Föhr: een m, ian f or n
    Amrum: ään m, ian f or n
    Goesharde:
    Hoolmer: åån m, iin f or n
    Hoorninger: aan m, iin f or n
    Halligen: aon m, ian f or n
    Heligoland: iaan, jaan
    Mooring: ån m, iinj f or n
    Sylt: jen
    Wiedingharde: oan m, iin f or n
  • Saterland Frisian: aan m, een f or n
  • West Frisian: ien

References


Old Norse

Conjunction

en [[Category:Templet:non conjunctions|en]]

  1. but
  2. (as a copulative): and
  3. than

Synonyms

  • (and): ok
  • (than): an

References

  • en in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Old Occitan

Pronoun

en [[Category:Templet:pro pronouns|en]]

  1. of it; of them
    • 12th century, Bernard de Ventadour, Can vei la lauzeta mover
      Ailas! Tan cuidava saber
      D'amor, e tan petit en sai,
      Alas! I thought I knew so much
      about love, and I know so little [of it]!

Old Portuguese

Etymology

From Latin in (in), from Proto-Italic *en, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (in).

Pronunciation

Preposition

en [[Category:Templet:roa-opt prepositions|en]]

  1. in
    • Templet:roa-opt-cite-cantigas
      Como hũa moller q̇ iogaua os dados en pulla lançou hũa pedra aa omagen de ſ[ant]a mari[a] por q̇ perdera ⁊ parou un angeo de pedra que y eſtava a mão ⁊ reçibiu o colpe.
      How a woman who was playing dice in Apulia threw a stone at the statue of Holy Mary because she had lost, and an angel of stone which was there reached out its hand and received the blow.

Descendants

  • Fala: en
  • Galician: en
  • Portuguese: em

Old Saxon

Old Saxon cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : ēn

Etymology

Templet:dercat From Proto-West Germanic *ain.

Pronunciation

Numeral

en Lua error in Module:links/templates at line 49: The parameter "1" is required.. [[Category:Templet:osx numerals|en]]

  1. one
    • thoh uui hēr te meti habdin garu im te geƀanne sō uui mahtin fargelden mēst tueho uuāri is noh than that iro ēnig thar ēnes gināmi
      Though we had food that we should buy to give him. The most doubt is still there that anyone once felt
      (Heliand, verse 2637)

Article

en Lua error in Module:links/templates at line 49: The parameter "1" is required.. [[Category:Templet:osx articles|en]]

  1. a, an (rarely used)

Declension

Templet:osx-pronindef

Descendants

  • Middle Low German: ên, ein
    • Low German:
      • German Low German: een (Hamburgisch)
      • Westphalian:
        Lippisch: eun
        Ravensbergisch: åine
        Sauerländisch: ên
        Westmünsterländisch: een, eene, ne
    • Plautdietsch: een

Old Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse einn, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos.

Numeral

ēn Lua error in Module:languages at line 550: Please specify a language or etymology language code in the first parameter. The value "f" is not valid. See Wiktionary:List of languages.. [[Category:Templet:gmq-osw numerals|en]]

  1. one

Pennsylvania German

Etymology

Compare Jeman ein.

Pronunciation

Article

en (indefinite)[[Category:Templet:pdc articles|en]]

  1. a, an

Declension

Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative en en en
Accusative en en en
Dative me re me

Pronoun

en [[Category:Templet:pdc pronouns|en]]

  1. him

Declension


Slovene

Templet:number box/sl

Etymology

Contraction of earlier êden, from Proto-Slavic *(j)edinъ, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (one, single).

Pronunciation

Numeral

Templet:sl-num

  1. one

Usage notes

The form êden is used when the word does not modify a noun directly, but stands in predicate position. When counting or reciting numbers, the feminine form êna is normally used.

Inflection

Templet:sl-decl-num-en

Derived terms


Spanish

Etymology

From Old Spanish en, from Latin in, from Proto-Italic *en, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (in). Cognate with Old English in and Inglis in.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈem/, [ˈẽm] (before b, v, p)
  • (file)
    [[Category:Templet:es terms with audio links|en]]
  • Rhymes: -en

Preposition

en [[Category:Templet:es prepositions|en]]

  1. in, at, on
    Estoy en casa.I'm at home.
    Estoy sentado en la computadora.I'm sitting at the computer.
    en esta páginaon this page
    en la caja en la mesain the box on the table
  2. in (a time)
    en la antigüedadin antiquity
    en 1999in 1999
  3. in (a language)
    No conozco esta palabra en francés.
    I don't know this word in French.
    en todos los idiomasin all languages
  4. used after some verbs and translated by various prepositions in English
    Pienso en tí.I'm thinking of you.
  5. in (in various expressions)
    en el sentidoin the sense
    en nuestro afánin our eagerness

Further reading


Sranan Tongo

Etymology

From older hem, from Inglis him.

Alternative forms

Pronoun

en [[Category:Templet:srn pronouns|en]]

  1. Third-person singular possessive determiner/pronoun; his, her, its

Pronoun

en [[Category:Templet:srn pronouns|en]]

  1. Third-person singular object pronoun; him, her, it
  2. Contrastive variant of a; he, she, it.

Sumerian

Romanization

Templet:sux-rom

  1. Templet:romanization of

Swedish

Etymology 1

From Old Swedish ēn, æn, from Old Norse einn, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz (one, some), from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (one).

Pronunciation

Pronoun

en (genitive Templet:slink)[[Category:Templet:sv pronouns|en]]

  1. one; object form of man (=one)
    Det man inte vet skadar en inte
    What one doesn’t know doesn’t hurt one.
  2. one (see usage notes)
Usage notes

En has in recent years been used as a more gender-conscious alternative to the impersonal pronoun man. The development is in some ways parallel to the gender-neutral pronoun hen. Usage is common among certain speaker groups, but not universally acknowledged in the standard language.[5] Previously it has also been used in some dialects.

Declension

Templet:sv-decl-ppron

Pronunciation 2

Numeral

Swedish cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : en
    Ordinal : första

en (neuter Templet:slink)[[Category:Templet:sv numerals|en]]

  1. [[Category:Templet:sv cardinal numbers|en]] one
Coordinate terms

Templet:sv-cardinal

Related terms

Templet:rel4

Article

en Lua error in Module:utilities at line 94: Language code has not been specified. Please pass parameter 1 to the template.. (neuter Templet:slink)[[Category:Templet:sv articles|en]]

  1. the indefinite article: a, an.
Declension
  • en and ett are invariable in the singular, as nominative en konung (a king) and genitive en konungs (a king's).
  • The genitive enes and the dative enom are dated.

Etymology 2

From earlier ene (sometimes also ener), from Old Norse einir.

Pronunciation 3

Noun

Templet:sv-noun

  1. juniper
Declension

Templet:sv-infl-noun-c-ar

Related terms

Templet:rel4

Descendants

References

Anagrams


Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg Tok Pisin

This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Turkish

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Ottoman Turkish ان(en), from Proto-Turkic *ēn (breadth, width).

Noun

Templet:tr-noun

  1. width
  2. a cachet on an animal or bonded goods
Declension

Templet:tr-infl-noun-c

References

Etymology 2

From Ottoman Turkish اڭ(), from Old Turkic 𐰭(ŋ /eŋ/), from Proto-Turkic [Term?]. Cognate with Azerbaijani ən, Kyrgyz эң (), Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:tyv-translit' not found., Uzbek eng.

Adverb

en [[Category:Templet:tr adverbs|en]]

  1. Forms the superlative of the following adjective.
    büyük, en büyük
    big, (the) biggest

Veps

Verb

en [[Category:Templet:vep verb forms|en]]

  1. first-person singular present of ei

Welsh

Pronunciation

Noun

Templet:cy-noun

  1. Templet:Latn-def

Mutation

Templet:cy-mut

See also


West Frisian

Etymology

From Old Frisian and, ende, from Proto-Germanic *andi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂entí.

Pronunciation

Conjunction

en [[Category:Templet:fy conjunctions|en]]

  1. and

Further reading


Zou

Etymology 1

From Proto-Kuki-Chin *ʔen, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ken. Cognates include Chinese (jiàn) and Tibetan མཁྱེན་པ (mkhyen pa).

Pronunciation

Verb

én [[Category:Templet:zom verbs|en]]

  1. (intransitive) to look

Etymology 2

From Proto-Kuki-Chin *ʔan (vegetables), from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *h(y)an.

Pronunciation

Noun

én [[Category:Templet:zom nouns|en]]

  1. food
  2. meal

References